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Agent Destruction Status
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Anniston, AL
ANCDF employee leaving work
Every calculation made in the ANCDF lab is checked and rechecked by technicians to ensure the accuracy of lab reports created from readings taken from the facility.
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The Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) was one of nine Army installations in the United States that stored chemical weapons. In September, 2011, the U.S. Army Chemical Materials Activity (CMA) completed the safe elimination of ANAD’s chemical weapons stockpile. CMA worked in partnership with Alabama state and local government agencies, as well as federal partners like the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, to safeguard the local community and protect the environment as it stored and disposed of these chemical weapons. CMA will continue this partnership as it tests, decontaminates, and dismantles all areas of the Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (ANCDF) that were exposed to chemical agent during the munitions destruction process. Many of the ANCDF facilities will be razed while functional buildings never contaminated will be turned over to ANAD.

The ANAD was established for ammunition storage in 1941 as part of the war effort. Beginning in the 1950s, the depot began to increase its supply missions and to take on industrial operations. A major new mission involved overhaul and repair of combat vehicles. The mission further expanded to include the repair, overhaul, and modification of anti-aircraft and mobile artillery, including the tank rebuild program. Maintenance and storage of chemical weapons began in the early 1960s. The Army added missile maintenance in the 1980s.

Since the early 1960s, the Army has safely stored approximately seven percent of the nation’s original chemical weapons stockpile at ANAD. The chemical weapons originally stored at the depot consist of various munitions and chemical agents, containing GB or VX nerve agents or blister agent. In August 2003 CMA began disposing of these weapons at ANCDF. In March 2006, Anniston completed destruction of GB nerve agent followed by the completion of VX nerve agent munitions in December 2008. The site completed destruction of blister agent in September 2011, marking the complete destruction of the stockpile.

The ANCDF used high-temperature incineration technology to destroy weapons, a technology employed by the Army for more than two decades at several sites to safely and successfully dispose of more than 80 percent of the nation's original chemical weapons.

In addition to its work at the ANAD, the CMA develops and operates mobile treatment systems for on-site treatment of recovered chemical weapons. The activity successfully treated recovered chemical weapons at Fort McClellan and Camp Sibert in Alabama.

Safety and Security

The safety of workers, the public and the environment are paramount to the success of the chemical weapons disposal mission. CMA oversees the secure storage of chemical munitions to ensure that they are safe.

Once munitions were slated for disposal, they were transported, treated and disposed of following strict internal processes and regulatory requirements. CMA is committed to creating a safer tomorrow by permanently eliminating the threat of aging chemical weapons to our communities and our nation.

Public Participation and Community Relations

The Alabama Citizens' Advisory Commission, whose members include area residents appointed by the governor, was a tool for public participation in the Army's weapons storage and disposal program in Anniston. The Commission met with CMA managers to ensure that program decisions represent the community's interest.

The Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) will continue to work closely with the community and state emergency professionals through early spring. As the U.S. Army eliminates chemical weapon stockpiles and CSEPP communities close out the program, the legacy of CSEPP best practices and lessons learned is being transferred to all-hazards emergency preparedness.

To learn more about the Army’s chemical weapons disposal mission visit the Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Information Center.

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ADEM REVIEWS ANCDF SELF-REPORTED CONCERNS, ISSUES NOTICE [60KB pdf] 9/19/2012 Anniston, AL  - The Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) has issued a proposed Administrative Order (AO)

BROWN INSTALLED TO LEAD ANCA FOR FINAL MONTHS [38KB pdf] 7/17/2012 Anniston, AL  - ANNISTON ARMY DEPOT, Ala. (July 17, 2012) – The Anniston Chemical Activity

DoD Selects ANCA Commander for Pentagon Assignment [132KB pdf] 7/10/2012 Anniston, AL  - Lt.Col. Willie J. Flucker, Jr., commander of Anniston Chemical Activity (ANCA), relinquishes his command at a formal ceremony Thursday morning.

CHEMICAL ACTIVITY COMPLETES FIRST STAFFING REDUCTION [123KB pdf] 4/10/2012 Anniston, AL  - ANNISTON ARMY DEPOT, Ala. (April 10, 2012) – The first Anniston Chemical Activity (ANCA) reduction in force that became effective this weekend resulted in one employee being involuntarily separated from government service.

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ANCDF Lab Employees

Last mine out of drum

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p>Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Completes Chemical Stockpile Destruction

On September 22, 2011, the Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (ANCDF), located at the Anniston Army Depot (ANAD), Ala., completed disposal of the chemical weapons stockpile stored at ANAD. ANCDF’s mission was to provide safe and environmentally compliant chemical agent destruction operations using incineration and explosive destruction technologies. The Anniston Chemical Activity’s mission was to provide the safe and secure maintenance, storage and transport of 7 percent of the original U.S. stockpile of chemical munitions and containers, while also ensuring maximum protection of the installation and community population and providing treaty compliance of the chemical weapons stockpile. The original inventory of chemical weapons stored at ANAD included 661,529 nerve agent and mustard agent munitions and 2,254 tons of chemical agent. Destruction operations began August 9, 2003. The Anniston team will now begin closure operations, which will continue for approximately 18 to 24 months. Closure operations will be conducted in accordance with agreed-upon facility and storage area end-states.

Anniston tests new equipment for Pueblo project

Anniston Chemical Activity (ANCA) employees started delivering 4.2-inch mortars to a building on Anniston Army Depot laid out to resemble an area of the Pueblo Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant (PCAPP) under construction in Colorado. A team of specially trained Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility employees started using the Linear Projectile Mortar Disassembly (LPMD) machine to remove explosives from the munitions ANCA is delivering to them. Employees will collect LPMD reliability and maintenance data over the course of several months which will be used by Pueblo-based counterparts.

The LPMD is a yellow, six-axis robot that is remotely operated by a team from a nearby control room. After other employees carefully place mustard munitions on a conveyor system, the robotic machine picks up the munitions one at a time and places them at munition handling stations. The use of the LPMD is expected to improve PCAPP operations.

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